The ancient legends of fallen angels come from a large variety of sources including the Old Testament and The Book of Enoch. The legends include information about the angels called Beelzebub, Lucifer, the "Watchers" and a whole list of other fallen angels.
What Is a Fallen Angel?
Many scholars of ancient texts believe that Greek mythology involving powerful superhuman beings such as Zeus and Apollo are actually references to the same fallen angels mentioned throughout the Old Testament and the Book of Enoch. In Genesis, the fallen are referred to as the Nephilim or "sons of God" who came to earth and reproduced with humans. In the Jewish Book of Enoch, these "angels" are mentioned as children of heaven who went among the "children of men" to have children of their own. These events, according to the legend, were the cause of God casting those angels from heaven.
Cast Out of Heaven
The stories describing when God, or "YHVH" cast these entities out of heaven are reproduced and retold in a number of ancient volumes. These documents have been read, analyzed and debated by scholars for many centuries.
- Ezekiel: In the book of Ezekiel, the story tells of God describing the chief fallen angel, Lucifer himself, as holy, wise and beautiful, until "unrighteousness was found in you".
- Isaiah: The book of the prophet Isaiah describes God casting Lucifer into the depths of the pit of "hell".
- Revelations: Revelations tells of a great war in heaven between the archangel Michael and his angels against Satan, represented as a dragon, and his angels. This dragon loses the war, and the fallen are all cast out of heaven forever.
- The Testament of Solomon: This document describes a fallen angel by the name of "Beelzebub" who claimed to Solomon that he caused men to worship demons, and that he also created jealousy, murder and war.
- The Book of Enoch: Enoch is one of the most quoted books in reference to the origins of the fallen angel legends. In the Book of Enoch, these angels are referred to as "the Watchers," who were originally sent to earth to instruct the human race in righteousness, but instead began to desire the daughters of men.
The Names of the Fallen Angels
According to the book of Enoch, there were some two hundred of the fallen. Of these two hundred, there were nine "chief" angels who led them. Drawn from ancient Christian, Pagan and Jewish literature, the names and teachings (before being cast out of heaven) of these angels are described here.
- Semiazaz: Enchantments and divination
- Kokabiel: Writing and astrology
- Chazaqiel: Knowledge of clouds and weather
- Baraqel: Astrology
- Armaros: Considered the "cursed" angel
- Shamsiel: Signs of the Sun
- Araqiel: Signs of the Earth
- Tamiel: Wicked "strikes" of spirits
- Azazel: Taught metallurgy and how to make weapons and jewelry
The "devil" is primarily called "Lucifer", a name which refers to lux or light. Specifically, the name refers to the light of Venus, therefore Lucifer was also referred to as the "Son of Morning" or "Morning Star". Venus is a planet that can only be seen in the Eastern morning sky and the Western evening sky, but never in the middle of the night when the sky is darkest.
One of the most famous literary works covering the plight of these disgraced angels is the epic poem Paradise Lost by John Milton, written in 1667. The poem incorporates the legends and myths of various religions and cultures concerning the fallen ones and brings them together in a ten book poem. This poem has survived through the centuries as an extremely popular text, and it has inspired a number of contemporary works including the film Seven, some of William Blake's poetry and even characters within the novel Middle-earth by J.R.R. Tolkien.
Whether or not you believe the old legends and mythology about fallen angels, the stories themselves are very fascinating, filled with symbolism and very intriguing. This same topic can also be found throughout discussions covering demonic possession and other paranormal phenomenon.