Good karma versus bad karma is often a spiritual discussion defined by various religious doctrines. Karma and reincarnation are part of the belief systems of Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, and Sikhism.
Theories of Good Karma Vs Bad Karma
The theory of good and bad karma is a simplified explanation of cause and effect. Good karma is often described as a type of reward for doing good deeds and treating others well. Bad karma is explained as the mirroring of bad deeds and mistreatment of others. Both good and bad karma can be the result of past lives as well as your current life.
Good Karma Defined
It's fair to say that good karma is the effect of cause, your action in either a deed, thought or word. Your intention drives the effect of your action to manifest as good. Good action is returned to you either in this life or the next.
Example of Good Karma
A possible example of good karma is a woman who in a past life selflessly cared for the sick, often sacrificing by placing others above herself. In her current life, she is constantly surprised by the generosity of others and never wants for anything.
Bad Karma Definition
Bad karma is the opposite of good karma and acquired by bad deeds, thoughts and/or words. Bad intentions motivating bad actions create bad results. Like good karma, bad karma can be earned either in your current lifetime or the product of a previous life.
Example of Bad Karma
One example of bad karma is a man who mistreated his sibling in another life. This bad action reaped bad karma, and he was reincarnated in the same role as his sibling.
Reaping Bad Karma
The law of karma demanded that he experience the effects of his actions in the previous lifetime against the sibling that he persecuted. If he meets his karma without anger, hatred and other negative emotions, he can overcome the bad karma and be free of it in the next lifetime.
Good and Bad Karma Work Together
The belief in doing good deeds and reaping good karmic rewards doesn't always mean the good deeds you do this lifetime will bring you good karma during this lifetime. It's more likely that good karma just as bad karma will accumulate and present itself in your next life. By the same token, a past life filled with good deeds could be reaped during your current life.
Karma Isn't Always Simple
The idea that karma is black and white and very simply either good or bad is a common assumption. There are times when you might think you've created bad karma through the wrong action, but with the right intent. Intention of an action weighs it either as having good karma or bad karma.
Example of Good Intention With Bad Action
There are times when you might have a good intention but must take a bad action. Does this mean your karmic result is bad? For example, you might decide to lie to your friend, in order to spare her feelings. The simple action of telling a lie goes against most karma doctrines. However, your intention in telling your friend the lie was good and motivated by compassion and love. Will your karma result be bad according to the doctrine of telling a lie creates bad karma? Or, will your good intention outweigh the bad karma of a lie?
Instant Bad Karma
You may have heard the term, instant karma used to identify when sometimes there is an immediate retaliation for a bad or reward for a good deed. Instant Karma is often visited on you when you're in need of an urgent lesson, or when you could use something good to encourage you.
Example of Instant Bad Karma
You've probably seen instant karma and just didn't know what to call it. An example would be a person laughing at someone as they slip and fall on an icy sidewalk. The person laughing at the other person's misfortune moves and quickly slips on the ice and falls to the ground. Some people would say the person laughing reaped instant bad karma for their bad action.
Example of Instant Good Karma
An example of instant good karma would be person who finds a lost wallet and returns it to the person who lost it. The owner is overcome with gratitude and rewards the finder with a monetary gift. The person who found the wallet took good action, and the result was instant good karma.
Karma Belief Systems
Ideally, Buddhism doesn't describe karma as a good vs bad. Karma is defined as simply the product of actions made during this and past lives. Unlike Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism that believe in good and bad karma.
Hinduism Karma Parameters
Good Karma in Hinduism
To reap good karma, you need to perform good deeds. If you treat others well, then you can expect to be gifted with good karma and treated likewise. Good thoughts bring good things your way. In addition to reaping good karma from your current life, you can also be blessed with good karma earned in a past life. By the same token, you can reap bad karma from a past life.
Bad Karma in Hinduism
Just as good deeds can bestow you with good things in your life, bad deeds will return the negative energy back into your life. If you speak harshly or critically of another person, you can expect the same type of judgement to be made against you. If you focus on bad thoughts, harbor hatred toward another person, you will also find others thinking badly of you and hating you.
Sikhism and Karma
The Sikhism religion also believes in karma and reincarnation. However, the Sikhs' take is different since they believe it's the law of karma, and not your deeds that doles out good and bad karma.
Law of Karma and God's Grace
While Buddhists believe you can control your karma through actions and achieve liberation (break the reincarnation cycle), Sikhs believe it is only through the Grace of God that your cycle of reincarnation can be stopped. To be worthy of this grace, a Sikh is guided to live a life of good the way God expects his creations to live.
Jainism, Good and Bad Karma
Jainism religion views karma not as intangibles guided by personal deeds. To a Jains, karma is a physical substance that is found throughout the universe.
Soul Attracts Type of Karma
Your soul is made of a similar energy to karma. As such, your soul attracts one of the eight types of karma that is either good or bad. For example, if you lie, steal, say bad or good things, help or harm someone, the correlating karma is attracted and absorbed into your soul.
Accumulation and Transformation of Karma
If you attract more bad karma than good karma, the bad karma will attract more and more bad karma in a perpetual cycle or vice versa. The karma of a lifetime accumulates within the soul. You can transform bad karma into good karma by changing the way you live, by thought, word and deed. This strict discipline when coupled with pure intent in how you conduct your life can transform bad karma into good karma.
Perspectives on Good Karma Vs Bad Karma
Views on good karma vs bad karma is typically dependent on religious belief systems. If you wish to capitalize on good karma, you can follow the doctrines of Buddhism, Hinduism and other religions that recognize the existence of karma.