Supernatural and Paranormal Phenomena

Karen Frazier
Disembodied spirit

By definition, a supernatural or paranormal phenomenon is an event that defies explanation in terms of the typical human experience. In other words, it is something that science can't explain; at least not yet. Examples of paranormal phenomena include ghosts, cryptids, telekinesis, and other forms of psychic powers or supernatural entities.

List of Paranormal Phenomena

There are myriad experiences that fall within the realm of the paranormal. Here are a few broad categories to give you an overview of just how much "supernatural" activity is reported around the globe.

Ghosts

Ghosts might be considered the grand-daddy of paranormal experiences. Everyone has some level of curiosity about what happens when they die. Is there really life after physical death? Are spirits capable of communicating with the living? Some people believe so, and some desperately hope it's true. Wherever you stand on the topic, many people have reported seeing misty apparitions of human forms, some familiar and others unknown.

There are a number of theories about what ghosts may be and how they may manage to communicate with the living. Paranormal researchers look for evidence of this communication in various ways.

  • Many paranormal researchers believe they capture ghost voices on tape with the phenomena of electronic voice phenomena, or EVP, which they capture on digital recorders or devices like spirit boxes.
  • Some researchers believe that when a spirit is present, it will create a disturbance in electromagnetic frequency (EMF), which they can detect on a device called an EMF detector.
  • Others believe they can capture photographs of spirits, and many share what they believe are ghost pictures.

Current parapsychological theory holds that a ghost's pure consciousness exists as energy and is able to communicate through extrasensory perceptions such as clairaudience and clairvoyance. Interestingly, it is believed that the creatures that exist in this paranormal realm are not necessarily dead, but rather can be the consciousness of anyone, living or dead, that is currently disembodied. In other words, a living human who is having an out of body experience or astral projection may appear to someone else as a ghost.

Elementals

A group of otherworldly beings referred to as "elementals" are often thought of as ghosts, but because they are not spirits of people who have previously lived, they are not considered "ghosts." According to OM Times, elementals are nature spirits or etheric spirits believed to be mythical; however, people have reported experiencing or seeing them. This category includes (but isn't limited to):

  • Faeries
  • Elves
  • Goblins
  • Gnomes
  • Tree people
  • Earth or nature spirits
  • Sprites

Om Times notes these spirits are essential for creating, sustaining, and renewing life on earth, and they have supernatural abilities that help them with these tasks.

Angels

Although many people believe angels to be religious in nature, many people feel there are supernatural beings called guardian angels who watch over and protect them. These may also be referred to as spirit guides.

Demons

Opinions are split as to whether demons actually exist, and some people misperceive spirit activities from ghosts as being demonic activity, but there is a theoretical difference between the two.Demonology is a popular paranormal topic. There are many in the paranormal community, such as the controversial Lorraine Warren, who have dedicated their paranormal careers to demonology.

From a faith-based perspective, there is a wide-spread belief that demons are the minions of Satan; however, many modern ghost hunters eschew this idea. Instead, they believe that what is thought to be a demon is really just an angry ghost or a misunderstood spirit. Many believe that people retain their personalities from life into the afterlife, and a demon may just be a person who was not very nice in life and is continuing on in the afterlife.

The Roman Catholic church remains among the foremost experts on demons, and the church still trains priests as experts who assist people believe to be possessed by demons by performing exorcisms.

Poltergeists

Poltergeist phenomena is one of the most misunderstood types of supernatural activity, according to parapsychologist Loyd Auerbach. Poltergeists are often referred to as "noisy ghosts," and their activity includes moving of objects, opening and closing of doors, and many other odd phenomena.

Within paranormal realms, poltergeist hauntings are often the most feared because they can be terrifying and even violent. Many are surprised to learn that parapsychologists believe that poltergeists have nothing to do with haunts or dead people, as parapsychologist Loyd Auerback explains in an interview with LoveToKnow. According to Auerbach, poltergeist activity is actually a manifestation of psychokinetic energy from a living human who is likely unaware they are causing the activity.

Orbs

There is great debate in the paranormal field about whether orbs are caused by supernatural activity. While many believe orbs are spirit manifestations or the appearance of supernatural entities like angels, others feel they are merely photographic artifacts or dust particles. However, orbs do appear regularly in videography and photographs captured by paranormal investigators and experiencers, so the debate is likely to continue.

Hauntings

Hauntings are paranormal experiences that are typically attached to a location. They can involve ghosts, but this isn't always the case. According to The Atlantic Paranormal Society (TAPS) article Get to Know Your Ghosts, hauntings can be classed as residual, poltergeist or intelligent hauntings. However, in parapsychological research, what is often referred to as a residual haunting, activity that involves a scenario repeating itself over and over in a given location at a general time of day like you're watching a supernatural re-run of a TV program, is actually simply called a "haunting," and it is differentiated from the term "ghost" or "apparition" because a haunting is a replay of energy that doesn't have any intelligence, while a ghost or apparition is an apparently intelligent and interactive event.

UFOs

There are many reported UFO sightings around the world, including some of the following: Has Earth been visited by beings from another world? Does life exist beyond the earth's atmosphere? There's certainly a lot of anecdotal evidence to support the claims, as well as a large body of questionable physical evidence. Some people even claim the US government is keeping conclusive physical evidence under tight security since the infamous UFO crash decades ago in Roswell, New Mexico.

Alien Abduction

Closely related to the phenomena of UFOs is alien abduction. Since the early 1960s when Betty and Barney Hill reported being abducted by aliens and taken aboard a ship, there have been hundreds of reports all around the world, including some made famous in books and movies, such as Whitley Strieber's 1985 reported abduction he shared in his book Communion, and the claimed abduction of Travis Walton. Stories among abuductees bear remarkable similarities, and details don't waver under hypnosis, leading organizations like International Center for Abduction Research (ICAR) to conduct ongoing research into this fascinating phenomenon.

Bigfoot

Bigfoot researchers like Dr. Jeff Meldrum argue that cryptozoology shouldn't fit in the category of paranormal activity because the likelihood is some of these creatures (including bigfoot) exist and aren't supernatural creatures, but just animals that have not yet been discovered and classified. DNA testing is ongoing to discover evidence of the origins of these creatures.

Some people consider the infamous Patterson-Gimlin footage captured in California in 1967 to be the strongest and most compelling video evidence to date of the existence of Bigfoot.

Cryptozoology - Other Cryptids

This fascinating branch of paranormal research is all about animals as yet unidentified and cataloged by conventional science.

They include the study of:

  • Skunk Ape creatures
  • The Loch Ness Monster
  • Chupacabra

Black-Eyed Kids

One type of potential supernatural creature that is currently scaring the heck out of people is that of black-eyed kids. These youth are said to have eyes of pure black, and they appear to people stating they are in distress and in need of assistance. People encountering them report feeling terror.

Myths and Legends

This category includes famous legendary creatures such as:

  • Werewolves
  • Vampires
  • Zombies
  • Green Man
  • Mothman

The belief in these paranormal creatures has been around for centuries, usually arising from stories passed down through cultures to explain elements of life that couldn't be easily understood. Some people report sightings of werewolves, mothman, and vampires, potentially lending credence to myths surrounding these legendary creatures.

Psychic Ability

There are several types of psychic ability that exist, from mediumship (the ability to communicate with the dead) to the various "clairs" that include:

  • Clairvoyance - psychic seeing
  • Clairaudience - psychic hearing
  • Clairsentience - psychic knowing
  • Clairolfaction - psychic smelling
  • Clairgustance - psychic tasting
  • Clairtangency - psychic feeling/touching

Also included in psychic abilities are empathy (experiencing someone else's feelings as your own), psychometry (receiving psychic information from touching objects), telepathy or ESP (psychic communication), and animal communication. Many organizations, including the Society for Psychical Research (SPR) in the UK and the Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONs) are conducting ongoing research into this phenomena.

Survival of Consciousness

Many people group various phenomena, such as reincarnation and near-death experiences into a category known as survival of consciousness after death. These are experiences people share through hypnotherapy, recovered memories, and various other routes that suggest their soul continued on after the death of a physical body. Many people from cultures around the world share stories of reincarnation and researchers like Dr. Ian Stevenson and Dr. Walter Semkiw have dedicated their life's work to researching reports of reincarnation. Likewise, Dr. Raymond Moody and others like him have researched near-death experiences and report remarkable similarities among experiencers.

Other Metaphysical Phenomena

Metaphysical phenomena include but are not limited to such concepts as:

  • Astrology: The study of how the planets and other astral bodies affect the human experience
  • Chakras: Seven energy portals located at specific points of the body from the pelvis to the top of the head
  • Auras: Colorful energy fields that envelop a person at any given moment
  • Energy healing: Various forms of healing, such as Reiki, that involve the human energy field

Explore the Paranormal

This is only a small sampling of things that can be considered supernatural and paranormal phenomena. With the current level of paranormal research, science may find soon find answers to many unexplained phenomena. Until then, they represent how much we still have to learn about the world around us.

Supernatural and Paranormal Phenomena